Further Reading

Proof of Personhood

Proof of personhood allows someone to digitally prove they are a unique human.

Building a global, scalable and inclusive proof of personhood system is at the core of World ID. Whenever World ID is used, whether through Sign In with Worldcoin or Anonymous Actions, the verifier app can additionally request information from the user related to their proof of personhood. The user can then choose to share that information.

Maximum privacy. Given that proof of personhood is about just proving someone is human, and not who they are, proof of personhood is handled with the highest privacy standard. Users share their proof of personhood anonymously. Each credential is issued in an independent set, with no other information attached (more on The Protocol).

Multiple credentials. Proof of personhood is not a binary yes or no in the digital world, but rather a spectrum. Multiple signals can contribute to determine where a potential user falls on the spectrum. In the World ID Protocol multiple credentials are used as input signals for proof of personhood. The choice of credentials is a trade-off that apps and users must decide on. Weaker credentials will generally be easier for users to obtain but more easily spoofed or sybil attacked.

Proof of Personhood Credentials Spectrum

Credential Selection

The choice of which credentials to accept is up to the app (easily configured on IDKit).

The best way to determine which credentials to use is to consider the use case. As an app, you want to ensure that your network is protected while avoiding locking out real users. A good rule of thumb is to pick the minimal credential for which the cost of sybil attacking is higher than the received benefit. For instance, if you're giving away a promotion valued at $250, using the phone credential is not a good idea as it will be beneficial to sybil attack it. However, if the value of the action is a few cents, the phone credential is enough.

Available Credentials

This list will continue to grow as more credentials are supported for proof of personhood in the World ID Protocol.

CredentialDescriptionHumanness LevelAvailability
OrbBiometric in-person verification, uniqueness through iris (details).StrongestPRODUCTION STAGING
PhoneUnique device check and unique phone number verification.WeakPRODUCTION STAGING
FaceUnique and privacy-preserving face match.MediumCOMING SOON